impEct 10 / 2019

CONTENT

Ioan-Aurel POP: „Der historische Diskurs und das Hundertjahresjubiläum unserer Vereinigungen“ („The historical discourse and the 100 years jubilee of our unifications“)

Philippe PIERRE: „Pour une approche du management interculturel placée sous la figure du rhizome“ (Towards an intercultural management under the figure of the rhizome”)

Vlad MUREŞAN : „The Japanese Idea“

Péter KRUZSLICZ: „L’équilibre des balances : le contrôle de la constitutionnalité de l’action de l’Union et des États membres“ („The equilibrium of balances: the control of constitutionality of the Union and the member States”)

Mariella OLIVOS ROSSINI / Stella TIPPIN de MALPICA: „Expanding experiential learning opportunities to alumni for the development of job-search skills: A case in a Peruvian university”

Werner MÜLLER-PELZER: „Die Arbeit des Historikers. Anmerkungen aus phänomenologischer Perspektive“ („The method of the historian. Observations from a phenomenological perspective”);
„Die Methaphern des Rhizoms und des Archipels. Anmerkungen zu Philippe PIERREs Aufsatz“ („The metaphors of rhizome and archipelago. Observations concerning the article of Phillipe PIERRE”);
„El clima de innovación en la empresa. Observaciones fenoménológicas“ („The innovative climate in a company. Phenomenological observations”)


EDITORIAL

The publication of number 10 of the e-journal impEct is at once a modest JUBILEE. Since 2005 we publish in impEct a wide range of articles with international or intercultural focus. The contributions come from authors of fairly different countries and throughout are written in German, French, Spanish and English. Suggested by the capital E in impEct, the initial claim to meet European multilingualism has been kept.
To publish multidisciplinary articles has been the other programmatic intention. Meanwhile we have published articles on historical issues, business, applied language, economics, philosophy and phenomenology, culture philosophy, pedagogy, European studies and cultural philosophy. At the end of this document you will find a list of all authors which have contributed to impEct between 2005 and 2018.

impEct has turned to be the publication media of the Center of Intercultural and European Studies at Business Faculty and, thus, has reached a solid institutional implementation.

In accordance to our modest jubilee, we present in number 10 demanding articles, each one reflecting in its own way the intellectual situation of our time.

We start with the historian Prof. Dr. Ioan-Aurel POP, Rector of Babeş-Bolyai-University Cluj-Napoca and since 2018 president of the Romanian Academy of Sciences. His article has the title: „Der historische Diskurs und das Hundertjahresjubiläum unserer Vereinigungen“ (The historical discourse and the 100 years jubilee of our unifications). The 100 years of existence of the Romanian State is the motive to shed some light on the historical method moving from empirically positive demonstration to the hermeneutic testing of hypotheses and backwards. These considerations are also instructive for the understanding of the Europe of nations.


Then follows the French contribution of Philippe PIERRE, PhD, sociologist, consultant and ancient director of Human Resources, today Co-Director of the Master de Management Interculturel at University of Paris-Dauphine. The title: « Pour une approche du management interculturel placée sous la figure du rhizome » (Towards an intercultural management under the figure of the rhizome”) refers to the bridging between intercultural management and philosophy. The author starts from the experiences of international managers with changing identity and identifies here the philosophical motive of decentration of contemporary philosophy that, in France, has become well known at the end of 20th century with the books of Gilles Deleuze and Félix Guattari. In the ordinary literature on intercultural management, the stamp of domestic culture (e.g. in Hofstede) seems still to be overestimated together with a pyramidal scheme of abstraction. Against this, P. PIERRE argues that the notion of „rhizome“ (Deleuze/Guattari), i.e. the mingled roots without hierarchy, fits much better to give to the experiences of international acteurs a more adequate expression.


In third place comes the text of Prof. Dr. Vlad MUREŠAN, philosopher at Babeş-Bolyai-University Cluj-Napoca. The contribution with the title „The Japanese Idea“ is the continuation of two articles yet published in impEct 8 resp. impEct 9 about the „Russian contradiction“ and the „Chinese idea“. Thanks to his competence in cultural philosophy, the author offers an insight into the historically stamped self-interpretation of global agents that influences their present and future acting. It is instructive to see how during centuries Japan has developed a peculiar type of civilization built on adaptation of the New and faithfulness to its roots. Especially for Europe the dialectical resolution of the contradiction between centrifugal and centripetal forces should be instructive. The author’s forthcoming text on Europe and its relationship to the USA will, therefore, be of great interest.


Dr. Péter KRUZSLICZ, professor at Institut d’études internationales et régionales and the Faculty of Law and Political Science, addresses with his contribution : „L’équilibre des balances : le contrôle de la constitutionnalité de l’action de l’Union et des États membres” („The equilibrium of balances: the control of constitutionality of the Union and the member States”) a subject of great relevance for the present: the conflict of responsibilities between the European constitutional jurisdiction and the national constitutional courts. Following the argument of the author, the EU has created a juridical framework sui generis, without being based on democratic procedures nor original sovereignty. It is “constitutionalizing itself”. The broad transnational impact of the European constitutional jurisdiction seems to make fruitless a struggle between both parties about primacy; this is why Kruzslicz pleads for the consecration of the principle of national constitutional identity in case that a European constitutional decision might be considered as exaggerated. Here, a reminder of the EU-criticism of Dieter Grimm as well as his propositions might be useful (Europa ja – aber welches?, München: C.H. Beck, 2014).


From the business field comes the joint report of two colleagues from University of ESAN, Lima, Peru. Prof. Dr. Mariellla OLIVOS ROSSINI, Intercultural Management and International Business, and Stella TIPPIN de MALPICA, M.A., Intercultural Management, Organizational Psychology and Business English, with the title: „Expanding experiential learning opportunities to alumni for the development of job-search skills: A case in a Peruvian university”. The main purpose is to habilitate Peruvian students through the method of technology supported blended learning to be sensitized for the perception and the treatment of unexpected intercultural situations and to acquire a flexible attitude that might be an advantage for employment in international companies. It seems to be confirmed that the easy access to new media and the intelligent mix are a good preparation to international business contacts and negotiations.


Dr. Werner MÜLLER-PELZER takes Prof. POPs article concerning the Romanian history as the starting point for a systematic reflection: „Die Arbeit des Historikers. Anmerkungen aus phänomenologischer Perspektive“ (The method of the historian. Observations from a phenomenological perspective). He explains the significance of situations in opposition to constellations (following Hermann Schmitz), - a distinction that concerns all scientific disciplines working partly or mainly with the hermeneutic method, i.e. not exclusively applying quantitative methods. In the course of the technical and economic globalization the quantitative approach has conquered the universities. With it, the model of “Human capital individualism” (R. Münch) comes in conflict with the self-obligation of universities to stand for the European type of civilization and to form not only the skilled person but also the critical and responsible citizen (Kant).


Additionally, in the text „Die Methaphern des Rhizoms und des Archipels. Anmerkungen zu Philippe PIERREs Aufsatz“ (The metaphors of rhizome and archipelago. Observations concerning the article of Phillipe PIERRE), Dr. Werner MÜLLER-PELZER tries to situate the approach of the author in the theoretical discussion. In France as well as in Germany, the intercultural sociology is interested in connecting with the present philosophical discussion. But both professional milieus don’t know too much from the respective other “on the other side of the River Rhine”. The author has the intention to suggest that there is a common ground to be investigated more thoroughly. Nevertheless, the gap to be bridged reminds of the European languages as irreplaceable media for understanding not only among nations but also among scientific communities.


Finally, you will read a résumé of Dr. Werner MÜLLER-PELZER’s article “The innovative climate in a company. Phenomenological observations” that will be published soon in full length in a Spanish review. The text that goes back to the IMAT conference at ESIC Valencia in March of 2018 uses the neo-phenomenological analysis of common atmospheres for a better understanding of how creative situations are generated and continue to exist.

Here, you will find the table of authors having published in impEct from 2005 to 2018.

March 2019


Werner Müller-Pelzer